By N.C.K Kiriella
The object of this paper is to publish the study I made on the historicity of Lemuria designated as Atlantis by Plato. My effort is to surface credible facts that Sri Lanka is the remaining part of the sunken Lemuria. Researchers made many of the worlds great scientific and historical breakthroughs but the majority discovered somewhat different from what they explored. A researcher hardly knows what lies around the corner.
What do we actually know about Atlantis and its end? The answer is not much. Plato's story comes to us from two short pieces, Timaeus and Critias, believed to be written before his death in 348 BCE. In them, he presents an apparently true account of an ideal society that existed many millenniums before the Classical Greek times in which he was writing. The word Plato uses to describe Atlantis is "Nesos, the Greek word for "Island. Though he calls it a "large Island," he meant an Island, not a continent. However, most call it a continent. He describes a large Island; but, judging from Plato's account, there is no need to look for a continent.
In my attempt to find the historicity of Rama Rawana Trails in Sri Lanka, I came across in Ramayana that a massive land sank overnight because of the misdeeds of Rawana. In my study to explore where we originated was backed by many theories of which most were rational accounts and confirmations. Archaeologists, Anthropologists, Geologists, Palaeontologists, and Historians have brought in many theories one after another all with some amount of scientific data and facts. In spite of all their labours there are data that challenges straight logic and the present scientific status on the origin of civilization.
The most motivating evidence of the origins of civilization is the Vedic scriptures which are a store house of knowledge and evidence of the origins of civilization. When analyzed it thrusts the date of the origins of intelligent human civilization much later than what we now know and what we are presently taught and made to trust.
Studies are conducted by modern scientists, historians, linguists, anthropologists in this area with different views. Writers like Dr David Frawley, Graham Hancock, Dr Michael Cremo, Zacharia, Dr B.G.Sidharth, and Dr.Sidharth Kak have done extensive studies of Vedic scriptures. It is contented to note that due to these extensive research and writing the unauthentic view created by the western scholars regarding the Vedic scriptures seems to be changing all over the world.
When probing the lost civilizations, there seems to be an unanticipated move by some western scholars to hide facts of India and East Asian countries but appreciate the marvels of Egypt and Sumeria. This is a unconventional move because India being one of the largest continents of the world that preserved ancient human legacy, both materially and spiritually. For example, it can be observed that the Indian temple worship is still practiced in ancient Egypt, Babylonia, Greece and Mexico, with the same spirituality as focus of life. The Indian archaeological artefacts are amid the largest and oldest in the world which is totally mistreated, in favour of more culturally safe, still geologically smaller countries close to east but they frequently praise the value of India.
How many of us identify the civilizations of Egypt and Mesopotamia which simply fit into Harappan India with lot of room to spare. Instead of putting Vedic literature above or parallel with the Pyramids of Egypt in conditions of cultural feat, western scholars shrink the Vedas to the ratings of illiterate Nomads of Central Asia, who left no literature. It is clear that all attempts are made by them, to leave India and East Asia left with "a civilization without a literature and "a literature without a civilization.
The majority of the Mid Eastern and Asian countries were colonies of the British Empire for nearly five generations. The British faced an administration difficulty regarding them and needed a fitting machinery to administer them. The Royal Asiatic Society was the apparatus invented in 1824, to bring all cultures under one theory and control. They achieved their target because of the "Aryan Theory" introduced by Max Muller, Professor of Anthropology of Cambridge University. However, in Sanskrit and Pali the word "Aryan" mean "Nobility but not a race, clan or a language.
Several 19th century scientists referred to the finding of Lemuria; the lost Island. Probing the similarity of geology and fauna of India and Madagascar, some scientists speculated that there had been a huge landmass in the Indian Ocean that submerged into the sea in a cataclysmic disaster. Atlantis shoots from Plato. Lemuria has no solid base, but formed of a rational theory in the 19th century. However, there are varied signs that bear such a land could have existed in reality.
Narratives of this huge Island have occurred through world history. Ancient texts in the Far East, the stone markings in Central America and various other puzzling sources all point to a large ancient Island that surfaced the Ocean. Sacred Tibetan texts refer to it as 'Ra-Mu; whereas the inscriptions found in Americas refer it as 'the lost motherland of Mu'. Edgar Casey prophecies, which shoot from the acetic records, refer to it as 'Muri' or 'Lemuria'. The name Lemuria was first used in 1864, by Zoologist Phillip L. Sclater. He took hold of the word from Lemur, animal similar to a monkey from Madagascar. None knew how the animal got to India. Thus in honour of Lemurs it was named Lemuria while some paint vivid pictures from the facts gained from so-called ancient documents.
The most renowned of them was the great 19th century esoterisist, Madam H.P. Blavatsky, who described 'Lemuria' in her vast history of humanity. Blavatskys text 'The Secret Doctrine' was based on the book of Dzyan, which was passed on to her by the 'Brotherhood of Mahatmas' (masters), who allegedly run the world from their headquarters in Tibet. Blavatsky said the book had been composed of Lemuria/Atlantis on palm leaf pages in the forgotten language of Senzar.
After her death in 1891, a leading theosophist named W. Scott-Elliot wrote a broad paper titled 'The Story of Atlantis and Lost Lemuria'. He claims that its contents derived from "Theosophical Masters" who described that the Lemurians regularly changed and today's Australian Aborigines, Andaman Islanders of India and Lapps are descendants of this final race. He quotes the Theosophical Masters, saying that about 800,000 years ago; Lemuria sank and made way for Atlantis, before it too perished in 9,654 BCE.
Prominent Lemurian scholar and occultist Colonel James Churchward first learned of the land of 'Mu' from sacred Naacal tablets in India. After probing many years in Asia and Central America for evidence concluded that several cataclysms at 800,000, 200,000, 20,000 and 10,000 years BCE finally lead to Lemuria's end. His evidence remains puzzling at best, though many writers and historians have written of this ancient lost Island Lemuria, which is depicted as a land with vast lush forests and rivers of beauty.
These theories were discarded by geologists, as better basis emerged of the continental drift. With this reason Lemuria was forgotten in the minds of scientists and historians but kept alive in the minds of the occultists. However, new evidence lately surfaced suggests that land three times the size of Japan actually submerged in the Indian Ocean.
Without attributing a satisfactory theory Ramayana is called a myth by several reputed western historians. However, there are academics, literary pundits, historians who admit Ramayana and Rawana as historical. Their recognition is based due to the availability of historical and renowned evidences in Sri Lanka related to Emperor Rawana his dynasty. Dr Suriya Gunasekera a distinguished Sri Lankan historian in an article to "Rivira a Sinhala weekend newspaper stated that Emperor Rawana the powerful great administrator ruled over seven continents from Lankapura.
The British history begins with the Nomads war in 1066 CE. When Christ was born in Nazareth, King Bhathikabaya covered the Maha Thupa with Jasmine flowers and sprinkled water pumped from Abaya Wewa. When St Paul was brought before Caesar as a prisoner, Sri Lankan diplomats were enjoying royal patronage in Caesars palace. Lord Buddha's visits confirm that the Asuras were cultured, developed in agriculture, and other technologies. Rawanas Dandumonara was operated on mercury vortex mechanism. It proves that they turned out air chariots to fly without petroleum.
The Asura clans; the Rakshas, Yakshas, Nagas, and Devas developed Lankapura millenniums before the arrival of Vijaya. What led to its turn down is an exciting question? Had this culture developed after Vijaya, another exciting question arises, as to how a farming community develop such an advanced culture in a very short time? Is it possible for an advanced river valley culture to arise suddenly and decline abruptly? The odds are that the archaeological and sequential evidences are still concealed, unknown, and undiscovered. The need is to discover what is undiscovered.
Professor Joseph Needham speaks of Lankapura in his book "Science and Civilisation of China he states that "confirmed historical evidence is lacking of the pre-Vijaya era. It is not available, as no genuine study has been done. In the early era such developed irrigation systems did not exist in Mesopotamia, Euphrates, Tigris, and in the Indian River valleys, where recorded historical evidence is available. The historians are unable to state the influence the original populace of Lanka had to build highly developed irrigation systems. These facts prove that they were the inventors of highly advanced irrigational and technical systems, as no historical evidence is available to believe that such knowledge came to Lanka from another country. The bits and pieces of the remaining irrigational systems and its traces have to be considered, as the prototypes of irrigational systems of the original population of Lanka, and the post-Vijaya Aryans inherited knowledge from them. This evidence establishes that the pre-Vijaya Sri Lankan populace was highly developed.
There are no archaeological or epigraphic evidences for either Jesus Christ or Prophet Mohammed, who are known only from the Bible and Koran respectively. Two thirds of the world believe, accept and worship them. Just because there are no archaeological or epigraphic evidence for either of them does it means that they did not exist? History remains, even without archaeological or epigraphic evidence.
Numerous versions of Ramayana exist in different regions in South and South East Asia, telling that its a real historical happening recorded by several varied populations. It depicts Sri Lanka as a huge Island, and a mega world power, where Emperor Rawana had control over vast areas of the world though conquest and interestingly it includes Africa and Western Europe – this is just what Plato described.
Two hundred million years ago Lankapura (Sri Lanka) was linked to India, Madagascar, Australia, and Antarctica, in a land mass then identified as Gondwana (Lemuria/ Atlantis) which separated into an Island known as Lankapura. Part of this land submerged into the sea overnight and according to Ramayana it took place because of Rawanas misdeeds and is established by modern science. This event is recorded only in Ramayana.
In conformity with the existing facts Lemuria and Atlantis are one and the same Island and culture but in different names. It is clear that Lemuria is the earlier phase of Atlantis that Plato speaks of. However, the key to the location and the history of Atlantis is mentioned in texts. Plato admits that he learnt the legend of Atlantis from Solon who, in turn, got it from the Egyptians and they in turn, learnt it from the Hindus.
The Rig Veda speaks of "the three continents that existed; the third was the home to a clan called the Danavas. They belonged to the Asuras in Lankapura. Rutas the Land of Rakus (Lankapura) was a huge Island far to the southeast of India and home to a race of sun-worshippers. It was torn to pieces by a volcanic eruption and sent to the ocean depths. The citation states that in the bottom of the ocean lay all the proud cities, the flying machines [shields] and the worldly treasures corrupted with evil. What the Rig Veda refers as Rutas is Lankapura. The inhabitants were Rakus and sun-worshippers. Those who have written about Rutas/Lemuria claim that the populace of Rutas were vegetarians and agriculturists, who worked in harmony with nature.
The Hindus have many customs of divergent theories where mankind and civilization first originated. One such place was Tripura, "Triple City with metallic walls and golden palaces and the populace were very pious. They were the Asuras whose Emperor was Rawana and were vegetarians and teetotallers. His deadly flaw was his arrogance and women. Due to these reasons Rawana, became evil and vicious and was destroyed by Shiva. Because of this act Shiva is called Tripurantaka ("Destroyer of Tripura). Ramayana clearly states in Sundara Kanda that Rawanas Lankapura was situated on a rock. Tripura was built upon a mountain so high, that it was said to reside in the skies.
Homers Iliad was based on the narrative of the destruction of Lankapura by Rama and Hanuman. Just as the Ramayana tells the story of Lanka and the rescue of Sita who was abducted by Rawana, the Iliad narrate the destruction of Troy and the rescue of Helen who was taken by Paris.
The citation of the Celestial Jerusalem in the Book of Revelation, shoot directly from the Hindu traditions the "Queen of the Waves. The history of Lankapura told in Ramayana is the actual model of Platos Atlantis, as well as Homers Troy. Hindu myths also tell how Lanka, with "its towers and walls of stone clad with metal was pulled out of the summit of the Holy Mountain Meru by the North Wind (Vayu) and thrown to the sea, where it drowned with all its inhabitants. However studies have to be done to find the exact locality of Meru. Are they referring to the Mt Meru in India or in another? Amusingly the same myth with Atlas (ie- Atlantis) substitute for Lankapura is met in Greece. Atlas often identified with Hesperus, the Evening Star, which was thrown into the ocean by Boreas, the North Wind who is the Greek counterpart of Vayu. There Atlas drowned, and was no more, just as it happened in Lankapura and, indeed, with Atlantis.
Whats Platos account? Atlantis was a great Island, but its control extended beyond the 'Pillars of Heracles'. He recalls of a superior society that existed 9000 years ago and had a powerful navy, which dominated Africa and Western Europe. Their kingdom submerged in a single night as told in Ramayana. Evidence confirms that this great naval fleet belonged to the Nagas of Lankapura whose culture exceeds 10,000 years. Further it is said that they were the first to build dockyards and service ships.
How did Plato being a Greek get this memory of such a distant past? The answer is that 9000 years ago, the Greeks were not in Greece and Platos Atlantis in reality was not anywhere near Greece but in close proximity to where they lived 9000 years ago. Where were the Greeks 9000 years ago and what information do we have of them? According to evidence they are an Indo-European group. What is most appealing is that the Sanskrit literature talks about Yavanas (Greeks) long before they settled in Greece. They were in India. The Mahabharata (3000 BCE) mentions the Greeks and the Sanskrit grammarian Panini (Indian records to 2000 BCE; western records 500 BCE) reveals that the Greeks in reality were in India. Panini even quotes of Greek scholars who helped to compose his Grammar though, there are no grammatical practices found in Greece.
The height of Greek influence in Indian culture is the major point. Whatever, the Greek influence that was felt by India came in the wake of Alexander's invasion and the settlement of Greeks in the Bactrian region? However, Alexander cannot be looked upon as the model bearer of the legacy of primeval Greece. By the time Alexander and his soldiers marched towards the east the culture of Greece was declining, hence at most he and his men could have spread a version of the great Greek culture represented by Socrates, Plato, Phidias, Aristotle, Sophocles, Pythagoras and others. Although Alexander and his men were not the true torch bearers of Greek culture to the east, the traces of Greek influence could be definitely found on Indian culture.
Alexanders assault left very little or no impression on the Indian culture. His military tactics were not adopted by the Indian rulers instead continued to rely on their fourfold organization. The region beyond the Hindu Kush was definitely in close contact with whatever the Greek influence that was remaining in the Mauryan period. But it was not so in the heart of India. The use of stone in buildings and sculptures by the Mauryan was inspired by the Greek practice of working in stone. Columns of the Ionic order were definitely used in the buildings of Taxila.
Scholars hold that Greeks and Indians are linked because of their Deities, philosophy, medical systems and of Indian social structure. The proto-Greeks originated in India and their distant memories were Indian. The Indian philosophy which is far older than the Greek philosophy appeared in Greece suddenly. This suggest that the Yavanas who settled in Greece were the descendents of Indians. Researchers and historians push the Vedic period to the Indus valley civilization. This data proves that the Indo-Europeans including the proto-Greeks were in India in 3000 BCE or even prior and migrated. It must be noted that the Lithuanians are the most ancient of the Indo-Europeans and they still bear in mind of their crossing the Himalayas.
The clue is in Platos account of Atlantis. He says that it was by the Pillars of "Hercules". Who is Hercules? It is really ironic that the ancient Greek historian Megasthenes identified Hercules, as the Hindu God Krishna. Hercules imply certain features the Hindu account of the hero Krishna, who as many heroes escapes being killed when he was an infant, and is then brought up by a herder's wife. An evil spy was sent by King Kansa to kill him and takes the post of wet nurse in his home, but is recognized by Krishna, who bites her so severely in suckling and she dies. This is what Hercules did for Hera and it is not a twist of fate.
Greeks and Indians belong to the same linguistic and cultural group and share similar Gods and philosophies. Hercules is identified as God Krishna. Plato states that Atlantis being near Hercules [Krishna]. It can be argued without doubt that he talks of India. By the word pillar Plato may be indicating the Island in the Southeast of India, Sri Lanka.
The tsunami most Sri Lankans have ever known before December 2004 was the one which took place nearly 2,200 years ago during the reign of the King Kelanitissa in Kalyani in the south-east of Sri Lanka. It is recorded in Mahawamsa and is accepted as a tsunami but the location is debated. Since the 2004 tsunami which shocked the world evidences of many tsunamis that had taken place since prehistory were highlighted. It is interesting that more frequent tsunamis have shattered Lankapura than most of us have ever known. Information of different occurrences related to earthquakes and tsunamis can be gathered by carefully studying the varied sources of history.
The event cited in Ramayana took place after Emperor Rawanas demise. According to Ramayana, Rawanas kingdom, with 25 Palaces and over 400,000 streets were sunken by the sea. Where were these 25 palaces and 400,000 streets in this small Island? Lets think whether it actually existed. Though the accurate location of the Rawanas kingdom is still not historically identified but is accepted as Sri Lanka with the findings of rock edicts and other historical evidence of Rawana and his dynasty. It is likely that this pre-historic or rather pre-Mahawamsa kingdom near present Arugambay was totally shattered by an earthquake, volcanic eruption or tsunami. The massive Island was destroyed in a single night while part of it remained.
The above revealed disaster provides us with an answer to the question whether there had been aRawana Kingdom in the pre-Mahawamsa period and if so why are we unable to find evidence of it today. If it entirely submerged, as depicted in the script, there will not be any traces of this kingdom. It is quite clear that the left over land area is Sri Lanka, a tiny portion of the vast Rawana kingdom. Are the light houses Maha Rawana Kotte and Kuda Rawana Kotte (Great & Little Basses) are built on its remnants?
According to the maps of Eratosthenes and Ptolemy Sri Lanka was a huge Island. It suggests that the tsunami cited in Ramayana is a fact and a huge part of the Island would have submerged. Evidence exist that Sri Lanka was a part of the massive lost Island. Marine archaeological researchers have found a number of places and objects of archaeological and historical value from this zone which can be accessed by boat from Kirinda. This area was proclaimed a security zone in July 2008.
If one has a glimpse at the geography around Sri Lanka, one will find bits and pieces of Islands dotted around the Indian ocean close to Lankapura; Maldives, Seychelles, Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Could they be a part of the lost Island? There are credible data that Sri Lanka was once part of a larger Island just as the Ramayana describes and given its proximity to Madagascar, Australia, and Indonesia. It explains Rawanas governance of these regions. Indonesia shares a history with ancient India and has ties with her well into the 10th century. The ancient Indian histories refer to Indonesia by name and in Indonesia they have Dravidian looking natives.
Asians migrated to the Americas in the pre-history. In the 1930s the world was surprised by the claim of a Hungarian scientist living in Paris that Easter Island's Rongo-Rongo had derived from the Indus Valley script of approximately 2000 BCE. The "Indus Valley Hypothesis," as it came to be known, was of course ultimately silenced by those remindful of the authenticity of time and distance -- 4,000 years and nearly half-way round the world. A script similar to Indus-script has been found on Easter Island. It came to be known as the "Indus Valley Hypothesis". This evidence suggests that Ramayana account is factual. The Indians did seem to have a huge amount of influence and power in prehistory. It is highly convincing that Platos Atlantis was a part of Sri Lanka.
This hypothesis is effectively challenged by many scholars of the day, as there is no evidence available to support that this invasion or migration ever took place. The vast archaeological evidence collected from the excavations of the Indus valley civilisation reveals that the Vedic literature and the Indus valley match. The Indus Valley script was usually written from right to left, but there are a few early cases of writing from left to right. (Etruscan and Hittite texts are also written in the same style, as are some Greek ones from the 6th century BCE.)
The seals used in the Indus Valley were made of soapstone. It is noteworthy that one Easter Island legend saysThe first race that invented the Rongo-Rongo writing wrote on stone. Four parts of the world at one time were occupied by the first race, this still exists in Asia. Interestingly, Mohenjo Daro and Easter Island lie almost exactly 180 apartthe former is situated at 2723'N and about 69E and the latter at 2708'S and 10923'W.
Athena is the key to the puzzle. She is most likely based on Inanna, who is the model for many of the later goddesses. Inanna was a Sumerian deity, a goddess of both love and war. Athena was a goddess of war, while Greek deity, Aphrodite, was goddess of love. Inanna was also widespread in Indian tradition. Inanna ruled the Aratta on the Indus while also remaining a central cult figure in Uruk and Nippur in Sumer. She may be the "Athena" conserved by proto-Greeks that settled into Attica and established a newer city in her honour, but not the one the Atlantian tried to invade. The truths of the Greek gods are visible to the Hindu gods. This is not a coincidence. Hercules > Krishna; Dionysius > Shiva; Athena > Saraswati; Zeus > Indra
These details strongly hint that the Proto-Indo Europeans were Indians and the Greeks were in India during the Indus valley culture and migrated during the declining period of the Indus valley civilization somewhere around 1700 BCE. This was caused by ecological changes and the drying up of the Saraswati River. The spread of Indo-European culture around the world can be explained as- "The spreading of the Vedic culture throughout the world due to the widespread sea trade links the Indus valley civilization had globally. Its control is evident from the fact that it was the one of the advanced and major civilisation of the ancient world and its global footprint.
The evidence available at present cannot be dropped out as the number of scholars, academics, literary pundits, historians and archaeologists who have discarded the Aryan Invasion Theory are increasing and support to maintain the correct past. The proto-Greeks were less-urban and more agrarian in the Mahabharata age (3000 BCE). If 7000 BCE is the correct timing of Ramayana, this is when the war between India and Lankapura (Sri Lanka) took place. Plato said that Atlantis attacked Athens which is none other than the Proto-Greek name for India or ones of its main cities. Athens is imitative from Athena and is similar to the Hindu goddess Saraswati. The Indus civilisation was built on Saraswati River and present academics call it the Indus-Saraswati civilisation.
Plato held that Atlantis was located west of the Pillars of Hercules; Straits of Gibraltar. This means that the culture was on an Island in the Atlantic Ocean. This location is open to analysis. According to a contradictory theory by Italian journalist Sergio Frau, the Pillars of Hercules in fact referred "Greater Sicily" including Malta, Sicily, the surrounding islands and Tunisia. Any kind of validation of the location of a mythological pillar or a mythological figure must trace the origins of the mythology. As disputed earlier, one of those prospective origins is the Hindu god Krishna. This is clearly stated by an ancient Greek historian himself, so the connection is not fabricated.
Astronomical dating places Ramayana 9600 years ago. The article of the Astronomical dating of Ramayana is confirmed without a doubt as the occurrence took place "9600 years ago. It precisely dates Platos quote "when Atlantis existed and when the war between "Atlantis and "Athens took place. The astronomical dating of Ramayana and other Vedic texts are possible as the ancient Indians carefully recorded astronomical data to date special events in their history, especially the birth of major kings etc. One of those special events was the birth of King Rama.
Dr. P. V. Vartak from Pune carefully studied the astronomical references in these texts and confirms the same with historical and archaeological evidences. The dates as derived by Dr. P.V. Vartak are more accurate than the dates projected by other scholars who are carried away by the declaration of Western scholars who are intolerant of the richness of the Indian culture in the past and have always tried to attribute much later dates and thus to belittle the glorious past of India. Dr Vartak end that Ramayana must have occurred 9600 years ago, which is 7600 BCE roughly. The astronomical configurations given in Ramayana by its author Valmiki can be used positively to date the birth of King Rama. All what is necessary is a database of ephemeris. These configurations are so unique that they have occurred only once so far in measurable history and this helps us to fix the important date, the birthday of Rama, as 4th December 7323 BCE.
As quoted in the writings of the eminent German Indologist Sir T.W. Holderness; "It is significant to note that, according to geo physical research based on the movement of the continental plates, the Lanka of Rawana was situated in the continent of Lemuria, which was a land mass, connecting the Deccan plateau in South India and the Island of Ceylon, with intervening straits to be crossed, with Madagascar in the West, Australia on the East and Antarctica on the South, until it sank into the Indian ocean.
The following findings prove the clear-cut existence of Lemuria/Atlantis and the positive identification of its time, location and history. They have to be taken seriously, by those who have a sincere interest in solving the mystery of Lemuria/Atlantis.
SUMMARY OF THE EVIDENCE PRESENTED:-
- The Proto-Greeks were in India according to the archaeological, linguistic and textual evidence showing the Proto-Indo-Europeans to have originated in India.
- The Greek Hercules was the Hindu God Krishna and therefore the Pillar of Hercules was in the Indian subcontinent.
- What Plato refers as Athens is India. Athens derived from Athenia; she is the Hindu goddess Saraswati on the banks of which the Indus civilisation existed.
- The astronomical evidence firmly dates the Ramayana history 9600 years. In the Ramayana, India and Lankapura are at war. Lankapura was a massive Island and naval power with dominion over Africa, Western Europe, Americas and many parts of the world. It sinks over night and is destroyed.
- Plato states 9600 years ago Atlantis attacked Athens; Atlantis was a massive Island and naval power, with domination over Africa, Western Europe. It sank over night and was destroyed.
- There is evidence to believe that present Sri Lanka was once part of a much larger Island and that is Lemuria called Atlantis by Plato.
Marine archaeologists have discovered evidence of a large submerged landmass southeast of Sri Lanka and believe it could be a legendary lost island closely linked to the culture and history of Sri Lankan people.
The discovery was made by a team of Dutch and Sri Lankan scientists based on satellite maps and underwater sample extractions from the deep sea. Preliminary data need to be verified by a deep sea submersible expedition during 2009 – 2010, according to a member of the research team who did not want to be identified.
The landmass is estimated to be between 450,000 and 475,000 square kilometres, which is about seven times the total land area of present Sri Lanka.
Dr Godwin Samarawickrama, a maritime historian at the Indian Ocean Institute based in Melacca, Malaysia said "This could well be the long lost island of Irisiyawa, which is vaguely mentioned in our chronicles and hinted at in the writings of Greek historians, The existence of such an island has been speculated and talked in hush-hush terms among divers and archaeologists for decades. This is the Indian Oceans own version of Atlantis! He added; "Irisiyawas existence is first mentioned in the Sri Lankan chronicle of Culavamsa.
Sinhalese Sandesa (epistle poem) writers in the 14th to 16th centuries often refer to the enormous psychological effect by sunken Irisiyawa on royal families, aristocracy and ordinary people. Some say the legacy of Irisiyawa has continued into the twenty first century.
Some experts are uncertain and point out long-standing belief about Kumari Kandam, a legendary sunken landmass said to have been located to the south of present-day Kanyakumari District at the southern tip of India. Some call it Lemuria, a continent that existed in ancient times and sank beneath the ocean as a result of a disaster. However, there are no scientific data to support these claims of Lemuria being located on the Kanyakumari District. NASA images revealed that Sri Lanka and India are two separate lands since 1,750 000 years.
In recent years, a great deal of evidence has been found of maritime activity in and off the southern coast of Sri Lanka. In late 2008, an underwater search of the seas around Godavaya, Hambantota district, carried out by the Central Cultural Fund, revealed the wreck of a ship, possibly dating back to the 1st Century CE. If confirmed, this could be the oldest shipwreck in the Indian Ocean.
Sri Lanka with its 65,610 square kilometres is currently ranked as 121 of 231 countries according to its land area. If the estimated landmass of submerged Irisiyawa is added, this would right away boost Sri Lankas ranking to around 50, comparable to that of Thailand with 513,120 sq km. The archipelago nation of Maldives, which lies to the southwest of Sri Lanka, has only 298 sq km and ranks 201, the smallest country in Asia.
The Island cited by Greek philosopher Plato as Atlantis is Lemuria. Atlantis /Lemuria were a massive Island in the Indian Ocean, South of India which existed 9600 years ago, of which only Sri Lanka remains. In other words Lemuria/Atlantis was one enormous Island and a part of present Sri Lanka.
The Aryan invasion of India in 1500 BCE and the beginning of the Vedic period of India in 1200 BCE and is strongly confronted by many scholars of the day on the grounds near or total absence of evidence to support that this invasion or migration ever took place. The Aryan Theory of Max Muller is dejected today. There are huge amounts of archaeological, astronomical and other scientific evidence to show that the Aryans originated in India and there are no facts to prove that their origins were outside India.
There is no confirmation for the foreign origin of the Aryans but there is proof that they were already in India in 3000 BCE or prior. The specifics collected from the excavations of the Indus valley civilisation reveals that Vedic literature and the Indus valley civilization match. This establishes that the Indo-Europeans originated in India, and migrated outside of India and therefore, proto-Greeks originated in India and their distant memories and legends hence have to be Indian.
This migration took place likely during the declining phase of the Indus valley, when the Saraswati River dried up. It is during this period where we can find Indo-European cultures appearing in Central Asia and Europe. Sanskrit texts actually mention the Greeks by name "Yavana" of which "Ionian" is an altered form and they mention them as a group that existed in India. The clearest reference is in the Mahabharata text, dated to 3000 BCE in Indian history.
The only record of Atlantis we have is from Plato. He depicts its location west of the straits of Hercules. It is clear Plato himself did not visit Atlantis; he said that he learned it from an oral tradition recorded by the Egyptians. He may have thought that Atlantis was in the Atlantic Ocean based on his analysis of where the straits of Hercules were. Possibly he made it up, but it is also possible he did not make it up and was really channelling a real memory.
What should not be ignored is that the Ramayana mentions of a massive Island that was a naval power, with colonies all over the world and a major war between this massive Island and Indian continent, and part of this sank overnight due to its misdeeds of its Emperor Rawana. Astronomical evidence shows is that this happened 9600 BCE settles it decisively. It matches with Plato's account of Atlantis and exact on the identical date Plato assigns to Atlantis. Thus there are very strong grounds to believe that Atlantis is actually Lankapura (Sri Lanka) and thus Plato did not make it up. It really existed.
The story of Lemuria/Atlantis is revealed in Ramayana. The Indo-Europeans originating in India is based on historical evidence and is confirmed by the identification of Hercules with Krishna. This provides evidence that Indian epics are not myths as the westerners call it but is confirmative history. When Ramayana is proved the Asura Emperor Rawana becomes historical. Any rational person will arrive at the correct conclusion.
Western scholars are reluctant to admit how dominant the Indians and Asians were in the ancient world. Instead they want to exalt the Sumerians and the Egyptians because they seek their origins in them and are very unfriendly to the suggestion that non-western Asiatic civilisations like India claiming a vast share of the history of expansion of civilisation. Unfortunately, they will simply have to swallow their pride and admit it, because the evidence is hard as a rock inscription.
The discovery by Marine archaeologists evidence of a large submerged landmass southeast of Sri Lanka could be the legendary lost island of Atlantis- Lemuria closely linked to the culture and history of Sri Lankan people. This proves the location of Lemuria and the historicity of Ramayana and Rawana.
The evidence proposes that Lemuria was called Atlantis by Plato and is located in the deep south-east of Sri Lanka. If you think the facts do not prove, please suggest any kind of criticisms and a better theory of Lemuria/Atlantis. The on hand evidence will compel the Western scholars to admit that they are relatively a recent culture compared to the Asians and that the Asians dominated the primeval history of the world.
The western star only began to rise in the 18th century and that too with Asian influence. The academic world of today is dominated by West-centric historians and attitudes. Westerners few decades ago considered all Asians to be primitive, uncivilised before they civilised them. However, the new constructive evidence will change them.
This little finding will prove that they are and were wrong and their judgements of the Asians are biased. "It should be noted that in Philippines, the students in grade schools were taught that there was a land bridge between China and Philippines which also connects to Sri Lanka. Somehow it sank; they do not know the whole story. They say that before they were "Hispanicize" and "Americanized" they too wrote in Sanskrit.
As a historian enthusiastic of strange things and places, I was exploring the possibilities of finding Atlantis. I have a lot more reading to do on the subject, as there are many theories that have been put forward. The location of Atlantis is in the southeast of Sri Lanka. The recently discovered submerged land is Lemuria named as Atlantis by Plato. investigated site of Spartel Island, as described above. With our technology advancing in leaps and bounds, we have never stood a better chance of finding Atlantis than we do now. And it may be our generation that finds it, after 11,600 years. Tale or legends, as a rule shoot from some historical fact and so it is with Lemuria/Atlantis.
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